Shree Ganeshai Namah

 

 

 

 

 

Namaskar,

 

I Hope you all in good health.

 

Introduction

 

The Hindu festivals, fasts, rituals, holy baths and the observance of sacred days are part and parcel of the great cultural heritage. They are religious and social and a great source of spiritual and moral enrichment. They also lend zest, variety, colour and grandeur to an otherwise insipid, routine and care-worn day-to–day human existence. The Hindu festivals are more than what they appear to be. They are essentially a way of living and thinking in the course of existence, and as such bring their whole right to bear on the individual and the society.

 

Unlike the deities of the Hindu pantheon, the festivals are numerous and frequent, but basically religious, psychological and intimately connected with the changes of seasons, though many of them have lost the history of their origin in the mists of hoary past. With passage of time they have undergone a process of transformation and evolution and many new festivals have been grafted upon the old ones.

 

A Hindu festival is, in fact, something more than a ‘festival’. It is cathartic in nature, and as a means of purification strengthens the spirit within. Their goal is to find enjoyment through renunciation and self-denial. They are more of an exploration of the colourful things of life, without being bound to or obsessed by them.

 

 

Why do we require panchang for different cities (Countries)?

 

Most people buy the Panchang from India and use it everywhere in the world. This is not a good practice and one could lead to people observing festivals on incorrect days and at incorrect times abroad. Each festival has a different set of rules about when to observe them.

Hindu festivals are generally based on the Tithi and/or Nakshatra as per the lunar calendar (& some as per the solar calendar). For example, Ganesh Chaturthi is Bhadrapad Shukla Chaturthi Madhyahn purvavidha vyapini (4th tithi prevailing at midday).

Each tithi begins and ends at the same instant all over the world. After correcting for the time zones, the tithi will begin/end at different local times in different parts of the world. The next thing is to decide if the tithi is visible during the specified time. This is done by using local sunrise, local sunset and local moonrise times. Since India has little variation in terms of sunrise/sunset, a panchang computed for one area of the country is generally usable throughout the country. For example - on a given day if Chaturthi end time is 2:30pm in India. Hence, UK will observe the chaturthi end time of 9:00am (GMT). This clearly indicates in the United Kingdom that the Chaturthi tithi is not prevailing during madhyahan kal (noon time) but it does prevail in India. Hence, the UK will celebrate Ganesha chaturthi on the previous day, as the chaturthi prevails during the noon on the previous day (chaturthi start time is 9:30am GMT in the UK.). What is important is to observe the festival at the right time in your location. If you blindly use the Indian calendar published in India, it won’t be any good to you as the festival observance dates might change due to local sunrise, sunset, moonrise, time differences etc.

The panchang available in India only prints end times in Indian standard times (IST). You need to convert them to your local standard time and use local sunrise and sunset to find out when it can be observed. Most common mistakes people make is observing Pradosh and Ekadashi vrat on incorrect days by following the Indian panchang printed in India.

 

Gujarati GCSE Classes online. (Pearson Edexcel GCSE 9-1 - See below for details). 

 

This month’s Festival.

 

19-02-2024 Jaya Ekadashi

20-02-2024 Bhishm Dwadashi

21-02-2024 Vishwakarma Jayanti - UK, Desert Utsav Jesalmare (3 days)

23-02-2024 Vrat Purnima

24-02-2024 Maghi Purnima, Guru Ravidas Jayanti

 

06-03-2024 Vijya Ekadashi

08-03-2024 Maha Shivratri, Shiv Pooja, Nishith Muhurat 23:49 to 24:40 (Leicester)

                    Shiv Pooja - 1st Prahar 17:56, 2nd Prahar 21:05

                                      3rd Prahar 24:14:30 (Midnight), 4th Prahar 27:23:45

09-03-2024 Darsh Amavas (Moon set 16:45)

10-03-2024 Amavas until 9:00, Mothering Sunday (UK)

 

11-03-2024 Chandra darshan beejna until 19:53

12-03-2024 (Mu. 9 Ramadan - UK)

16-03-2024 Holastak begins 16:09

17-03-2024 St. Patrick's Day - Northern Ireland

20-03-2024 Amalki Ekadashi, Sun enters Aries 03:08, Tropical, Vernal Equinox - Spring begins

21-03-2024 Govind Dwadashi

23-03-2024 Chaumasi Chaturdashi (Jain)

24-03-2024 Vrat Purnima, Holi, Palm Sunday-UK (Purnima Vruddhi Tithi-UK)

25-03-2024 Dhuleti, Holashtak ends 7:00 (Purnima until 7:00), (Penumbral Lunar Eclipse

                   visible in UK but not observed).

29-03-2024 Good Friday

30-03-2024 Rang Panchami, Shree Panchami, The clock goes forward 1 hour after midnight -                               British Summer Time begins (on 31 at 1:00am)

31-03-2024 Easter Sunday

 

05-04-2024 Papmochani Ekadashi

08-04-2024 Darsh Amavashya, Somvati Amavas until 19:21 (Moon set 19:48)

                   (Total Solar Eclipse not visible in UK and not observed)

 

 

REFERENCE:

 

If you would like a copy of the Rushi Panchang please call 07976 738671 for further details.

 

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(Contact Email: pyg_hounslow@hotmail.com)

_________________________________________ 

 

LIST OF IMPORTANT HINDU FESTIVALS & VRATS FOR U.K.
From 14-11- 2023 TO 01-11-2024 - V.S. 2080
(Prepared according to local UK Time).

 Important Note: 

The Hindu festivals are generally based on a certain Tithi (roughly translated as the lunar phase) or the Nakshatra (Position of Asterisms with respect to the moon and the earth) in a given month or the transition of other heavenly bodies. When the time and place differ a lot from the place for which the Panchang (Religious Almanac) is computed the occurrence of the festival on a given day could change. To correctly compute the time and date of a festival, one must compute the Tithi, Nakshatra etc. for that place in terms of the local time of that place. The festival celebration times and days/dates listed here are calculated according to local UK times and these may differ from other places in the world (e.g. India, USA).

 

Date

Day

Festival Description

14-11-23

Tues.

New Year’s Day  Vikram Samvat 2080, Jain Samvat 2550, Bhai Beej, Bhaiduj, Chandra (Moon) Darshan

13-11-23

Fri.

Labh Pancham, Jain Gian Panchami

19-11-23

Sun.

Shree Jalaram Jayanti

23-11-23

Thurs.

Prabodhini, Devuthi Ekadashi, Tulsi Vivah Begins

26-11-23

Sun.

Vrat Purnima, Tripurari Purnima

27-11-23

Mon.

Dev Diwali, Tulsi Vivah Ends, Guru Nanak Jayanti, (Purnima until 9:16 – UK)

08-12-23

Fri.

Utpatti Ekadashi

12-12-23

Tues.

Darsh Amavasya

22-12-23

Fri.

Mokshada & Jain Mauni Ekadashi, Gita Jayanti

26-12-23

Tues.

Vrat Purnima, Shree Dattatrey Jayanti

07-01-24

Sun.

Safla Ekadashi

10-01-24

Wed.

Darsh Amavasya

15-01-24

Mon.

Pongal, Makar Sankranti, Punyakal from Sunrise to Sunset

21-01-24

Sun.

Putrada Ekadashi

25-01-24

Thurs.

Vrat Purnima, Poshi & Shakambhari Purnima

26-01-24

Sat.

Bharat Republic Day

06-02-24

Tues.

Shattila Ekadashi

09-02-24

Fri.

Darsh Amavas, Mauni Amavas (Jain)

12-02-24

Mon.

Ganesh Jayanti, Vinayak, Tilkund & Varad Choth

13-02-24

Tues.

Vasant Panchami, Shree Panchami, Saraswati Pooja, (5th Kshaya Tithi – UK)

19-02-24

Mon.

Jaya Ekadashi

21-02-24

Wed.

Vishvakarma Jayanti - UK, (13th Vruddhi Tithi-UK)

23-02-24

Sun.

Vrat Purnima

24-02-24

Mon.

Maghi Purnima, (Purnima until 12:30 – UK)

06-03-24

Wed.

Vijya Ekadashi

08-03-24

Fri.

Maha Shivratri, Nishith Muhurt 23:49 to 24:40, Leicester

09-03-24

Sat.

Darsh Amavasya

16-03-24

Sat.

Holashtak begins 16:09

20-03-24

Wed.

Amalki Ekadashi

24-03-24

Sun.

Vrat Purnima, Holi, (Purnima Vruddhi Tithi - UK)

25-03-24

Mon.

Dhuleti, Holashtak ends 7:00

31-03-24

Sun.

British Summer Time begins (BST)

05-04-24

Fri.

Papmochni Ekadashi, (12th Kshaya Tithi–UK)

08-04-24

Mon.

Darsh Amavasya, Somvati Amavas until 19:16 (UK)

09-04-24

Tues.

Chaitri Navaratri begins, Gudi Padvo, North India Vikram Samvat 2081 Begins

10-04-24

Wed.

Matsya Jayanti

16-04-24

Tues.

Shree Ramnavami, Abhijit Muhurt 12:36 to 13:33 Leicester, Chaitri Navaratri ends

19-04-24

Fri.

Kamda Ekadashi, Shree Vallbhacharya Vadhai

20-04-24

Sat.

Anang Trayodashi

21-04-24

Sun.

Shree Mahavir Jayanti

23-04-24

Tues.

Vrat & Chaitri Purnima, Shree Hanuman Janmotsav

04-05-24

Sat.

Varuthini Ekadashi, Shree Vallabhabda - 547

07-05-24

Wed.

Darsh Amavasya, (Amavasya Kshaya Tithi – UK)

10-05-24

Fri.

Akshay-Akhatreej, Parshuram Jayanti

19-05-24

Sun.

Mohini Ekadashi

21-05-24

Tues.

Nrusinh Jayanti

22-05-24

Wed.

Kurma Jayanti, Vrat Purnima

23-05-24

Thurs.

Vaishakhi & Budhdha Purnima, (Purnima until 14:53 – UK)

02-06-24

Sun.

Apra Ekadashi, Bhadrakali Ekadashi-Punjab

05-06-24

Wed.

Darsh & Bhavuka Amavasya

06-06-24

Thurs.

Shanaishchar Jayanti

17-06-24

Mon.

Nirjala-Bheem Ekadashi

19-06-24

Wed.

Vat Savitri Vrat Begins  

21-06-24

Fri.

Vrat & Vat Savitri Vrat Purnima

01-07-24

Mon.

Yogini Ekadashi – Smart, (11th Kshaya Tithi) – UK)

05-07-24

Fri.

Darsh Amavasya

06-07-24

Sat.

Kachchi, Halari Aashadhhi Samvat 2081 Begins

17-07-24

Wed.

Devshayni Ekadashi, Saurashtra Molakat Begins

19-07-24

Fri.

Jaya Parvati Vrat & Gujarat Molakat Begins

20-07-24

Sat.

Vrat Purnima

21-07-24

Sun.

Guru Purnima, Saurashtra Molakat Jagran, (Purnima until 11:17 – UK)

23-07-24

Tues.

Jaya Parvati Vrat Jagran & Gujarat Molakat Jagran

31-07-24

Wed.

Kamika Ekadashi

03-08-24

Sat.

Darsh Amavasya

04-08-24

Sun.

Divaso, Aevrat Jeevrat Jagran, Amavas until 12:13

05-08-24

Mon.

Shravan Month & Shiv Pooja Begins

09-08-24

Fri.

Naag Pancham

10-08-24

Sat.

Kalki Jayanti, Randhan Chhath

11-08-24

Sun.

Sheetla Satam

13-08-24

Tues.

Noli Nom (South Gujarat)

15-08-24

Thurs.

Putrada, Pavitra Ekadashi – Smart, (11th Kshaya Tithi) – UK, Bharat Independence Day

19-08-24

Mon.

Vrat, Nariyeli & Shravani Purnima, Balev, Raksha Bandhan from 9:03

22-08-24

Thurs.

Bor Chauth

23-08-24

Fri.

Naag Pancham, (5th Kshaya Tithi–UK)

24-08-24

Sat.

Randhan Chhath

25-08-24

Sun.

Sheetla Satam, Shree Krishna Jayanti, Vratotsav, Nishith Muhurt 24:46 to 25:27 Leicester

27-08-24

Mon.

Janmashtami – Vaishnav Pushtimargiy, Kalashtami

29-08-24

Thurs.

Aja Ekadashi

02-09-24

Mon.

Darsh & Somvati Amavasya, Sarva Pitru Amavasya, Shravan month ends

05-09-24

Thurs.

Varah Jayanti, Kevda Treej

06-09-24

Fri.

Hari Talika, Shree Ganesh Chaturthi

08-09-24

Sun.

Rushi Panchami, Sama Panchami

11-09-24

Wed.

Durga, Radha and Durva Ashtami, Dharo Attham

14-09-24

Sat.

Parivartini – Jal Zilani Ekadashi

15-09-24

Sun.

Vaman Jayanti

16-09-24

Mon.

Anant Chaturdashi

17-09-24

Tues.

Vrat Purnima, (Purnima Kshaya Tithi - UK)

18-09-24

Wed.

Shraddh begins

28-09-24

Sat.

Indira Ekadashi

02-10-24

Wed.

Sarvapitri Darsh Amavas, Amavas-Purnima Shraddh, Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti (date)

03-10-24

Thurs.

Shardiy Navaratri Begins

10-10-24

Thurs.

Shree Durga and Maha - Havan Ashtami

11-10-24

Fri.

Maha Navami, (9th Kshaya Tithi) – UK)

12-10-24

Sat.

Vijya Dashami, Dashahara, Vijay Muhurt 14:38 to 15:21 Leicester, Budhdha Jayanti

13-10-24

Sun.

 Pashankusha Ekadashi

16-10-24

Wed.

Vrat Purnima, Sharad Purnima, Kojagari Purnima

20-10-24

Sun.

Karva and Sankat Chauth, Moonrise 19:03 Leicester

27-10-24

Sun.

Rama Ekadashi, Greenwich Mean Time begins

28-10-24

Mon.

Govats Dwadashi, Vagh Barash

29-10-24

Tues.

Dhan Terash, Dhan Pooja, (13th Vruddhi Tithi – UK)

30-10-24

Wed.

Kali Chaudas

31-10-24

Thurs.

(Narak Chaturdashi, Moon rise 5:51am, Leicester), Darsh Amavas, Lakshmi-Sharda-Chopda Pujan, Diwali

01-11-24

Fri.

Amavas until 12:47

02-11-24

Sat.

New Year’s Day  Vikram Samvat 2081, Jain Samvat 2551, Annakut

 

The above auspicious times are calculated according to the Leicester, UK co-ordinates Latitude 52N38 and Longitude 1W05.

___________________________________________________

 

Lunisolar Almanac:

 

Lunisolar months are lunar months and based upon the appearance of the moon. Interestingly there are two kinds of lunisolar months too.

  1. Amanta Months: The months start with the new moon and end with the new moon. This almanac is synchronized with the Nirayana year i.e. with the leap year consideration. Amanta months are divided into Sudi (Sukla Paksha) and Vadi (Krishna Paksha). The sudi is the period of new moon to the full moon (i.e. increasing moon shape), it is also called the waxing phase. The vadi is the period of full moon to the next new moon (i.e. decreasing moon phase), it is also called the waning phase. The Amanta months start with the Sudi (Sukla Paksha). The Chaitra Amanta Lunisolar almanac the New Year starts with Chaitra and is followed in the South and South-West Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.The Kartika Amanta Lunisolar almanac the New Year Starts with Kartika and is followed in Gujarat including Sauratra-Kathiawar.The Aashadhh Amanta Lunisolar almanac the New Year Starts with Aashadhh and is followed in Kachhchh region of Gujarat.
  1. Purnimanta Months (in Rushi Panchang the Purnimant months are written in brackets): This type of almnac uses the full moon ending months. Thus the months start with the day after the full moon to the next full moon. The Purnimanta months are also divided into vadi and sudi paksha (period) like amanta months. Thus the purimantha months start with the Vadi (Krishna Paksha). The vadi is the period of full moon to the next new moon (i.e. decreasing moon phase), it is also called the waning phase. The sudi is the period of new moon to the full moon (i.e. increasing moon shape), it is also called the waxing phase. The Purnimanta Almanac is followed in most of the North India (Punjab, Delhi, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Bihar). 

  _______________________________________________________

 

 

News from Vidyasagar School

 

We have started the GCSE Gujarati Classes online via Zoom.

 

     For further details please contact -

 

     Sharad Mistry - 07976 738671 (GCSE)

     (Gujarati Classes are held on ZOOM, every Monday and Tuesday evening)

 

     (Email: vidyasagar_school@hotmail.com)